Evaluation of Some Heavy Metals in Soils around Major Parks in Gombe Town, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Buhari Magaji
Wilson L. Danbature
Zaccheus Shehu
Mukhtar M. Sani
Abdu M. Sani
Abdulkadir Abubakar

Abstract

The levels of heavy metals (Mn, Ni, Pb, Cr, Zn and Fe in mg/kg) in roadside soils from two main motor parks (Gombe Terminus and Tashan Dukku) in Gombe, Nigeria were assessed with respect to distance from the motor parks. The metals concentrations were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry.  The results show that iron had the highest concentration in all the soils and can be represented in the following order: Fe > Zn > Pb > Ni > Mn > Cr. The heavy metals concentrations were found to be higher in the roadside soils as compared with the control samples. Thus, the metals concentrations decrease with increase in distance away from the parks.

Keywords:
Heavy metals, motor parks, roadside soils.

Article Details

How to Cite
Magaji, B., L. Danbature, W., Shehu, Z., M. Sani, M., M. Sani, A., & Abubakar, A. (2020). Evaluation of Some Heavy Metals in Soils around Major Parks in Gombe Town, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Applied Chemistry Research, 4(4), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajacr/2019/v4i430118
Section
Original Research Article

References

Bilos C, Colombo JC, Skorupka CN, Rodriguez PM. Sources, distribution and variability of airborne trace metals in La Plata City area, Argentina. Environmental Pollution. 2001;111:149-58.

Poszyler-Adamska A, Czemiak A. Biological and chemical indication of roadside ecotone zones. J. Environ. Engr. Landscape Manage. 2007;15(2):113a-118a.

Gray CW, Mclaren RG, Roberts AHC. Atmospheric accessions of heavy metals to some New Zealand pastoral soils. Sci. Tot. Environ. 2003;305:105-115.

Suzuki K, Yabuki T, Ono Y. Roadside Rhododendron pulchrum leaves as bioindicators of heavy metal pollution in traffic areas of Okayama. Japan. Environ. Monito. Assess. 2008;149(1-4):133-141.

Atayese MO, Eigbadon AI, Oluwa KA, Adesodun JK. Heavy metal contamination of amaran thus grown along major highways in Lagos. Afr. Cro. Sci. J. 2009; 16(4):225-235.

Pagotto C, Remy N, Lagret M, Le C.P. Heavy metal pollution on road dust and roadside soil near a major rural highway. Environ. Technol. 2001;22(3):307-319.

Joshi SR, Kumar R, Bhagobaty RK, Thokchom S. Impact of pollution on microbial activities in sub-tropical forest soil of north east India. Res. J. Environ. Sci. 2010;4(3):280-287.

Sulaiman MB, Santuraki AH, Babayo AU. Ecological risk assessment of some heavy metals in roadside soils at Traffic Circles in Gombe, Northern Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 2018;22(6):999-1003.

Oyeleke PO, Abiodun OA, Salako RA, Odeyemi OE, Abejide TB. Assessment of some heavy metals in the surrounding soils of an automobile battery factory in Ibadan, Nigeria. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2016;10(1):1-8.

Iloeje NP. A new geography of Nigeria, new revised edition. Longman Nigeria PLC; 2001.

Sulaiman MB, Maigari AU, Sa'idu D. Impact of municipal solid waste dumps on surrounding soil and groundwater in Gombe, Nigeria. Inter. J. Sci. Environ. Technol. 2016;5(5):3059-3068.

U.S–Environmental Protection Agency Test Methods for evaluating solid waste. Vol. IA: Laboratory manual physical/ Chemical methods, SW 846, 3rd ed. U.S Gov. Print, Office, Washington D.C. Udu RK (1991) Geographical regions of Nigeria, Longman Ltd. 1995;21-27.

European Union Heavy metals in wastes, European commission on environment; 2002.
Available:http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/studies/pdf/heavy_metalsreport.pdf

Yahaya MI, Ezeh GC, Musa YF, Mohammad SY. Analysis of heavy metals concentration in road side soils in Yauri, Nigeria. African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry. 2010;4(3):22-30.

Okunola OJ, Uzairu A, Ndukwe G. Levels of trace metals in soil and vegetation along major and minor roads in metropolitan city of Kaduna, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology. 2007;6(14):1703-1709.

Abida B, Ramaih M, Harikrishma IK, Veena K. Analysis of heavy metals concentrations in soils and litchens from various localities of Hosur road, Bangalore, India. E-Journal of Chemistry. 2009;1:13-22.

Bradford GR, Chang AC, Page AL. Background concentrations of trace and major elements in California soils. Kearney Foundation Special Report, University of California, Riverside. 1996;1-52.

Dudka S. Factor analysis of total element concentrations in surface soils of Poland. Sci. Total Environ. 1992;121:39-52.

Fergusson JE, Kim ND. Trace elements in street and house dusts: Sources and speciation. Sci. Total Environ. 1991;100: 125-150.

Prakruthi TR, Raju NS. Ecological risk assessment for heavy metals in roadside soils of Mysuru, Karnataka. Inter. J. Inno. Res. Science, Engr. Technol. 2017;6(9): 18271-18274.